What is a “Solar Pump”?

Any electric pump can be powered by a solar array. The optimal solution for larger pumping tasks and irrigation solar water systems may involve powering the same pumps from grid networks and solar power sources. In some instances, this may require additional power control systems.

Suppliers today offer small integrated solar pumping packages called ‘solar pumps.’ These solar pumps are electric pumps and controllers optimized to receive power from a solar PV array.

Solar PV arrays provide power whenever the sun is shining. Designed properly, solar PV systems can ensure a steady and reliable power supply, even on cloudy days.

Best Solar Pumping System, Irrigation Solar Water Pump

How Do Solar-Powered Water Pumps Work?

Essentially, solar-powered water pumps work by converting the sunlight to electricity that operates the electric pump. An inverter is used if the pump motor needs alternating current (AC) rather than DC.

Solar-powered water pump system components include:

Solar Panel(s)

Also called the solar photovoltaic (PV) module(s), solar array, PV array, solar system, etc.

  1. Solar cells within solar panels absorb photons from the sun and convert them into DC electricity.
  2. An inverter converts DC electricity to AC (alternating current) electricity when necessary.
  3. This electricity is used to operate the water pump.

Pump Motor

This is the essential component of a water pumping system. It comes in three varieties: submersible, circulator, and booster pumps. The pump takes water from any available source like a well, river, lake …

Pump Controllers

A pump controller adjusts the water pump system parameters to meet your needs and shields the system.

Pump Inverter

Required when water pumps run on AC electrical current.

Water Tank

Solar water pumping systems often include water tanks to store water which may be helpful when sunshine isn’t available.


Transport water from the original source to wherever it needs to go.

Battery Bank

A solar PV system powers the pump only during daylight hours. For applications that require water at night or on demand, consider combining solar with water or battery storage. It may also be more economical to use a different pump technology.


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